tucson mountains geology

Kinnison spent over twelve years with ASARCO. Copper mineralization occurs in the Tucson Mountains, but not to the extent seen elsewhere. Title: Geologic map of the Tucson Mountains caldera, southern Arizona Author(s): Lipman, P.W. Sketch Map of the Tucson Mountains supervolcano. 0000011739 00000 n 1,3,4 and 5 Uranium Mines, Coconino County, Arizona: Arizona Geological Survey Contributed Report CR-11-E, … General Information. The moun­ The Tucson Mts. In certain cases, the rivers draining mountain ranges create unusually large fan-shaped bodies of sediment that are referred to as fluvial megafans. (discussed above) Also shown on geologic map, Figure 30.A basal unit of the volcanic blowout is called the 'chaos' unit, which is a huge thick pile of older rock debris and rhyolite blowout ' breccia ' (broken-up rock) which is seen on the Tucson city (east) side. 0000001299 00000 n 0000018633 00000 n The 'Tucson Mountains - Old Pueblo Mine, Copper Oxides' file is part of the John E. Kinnison mining collection. https://ngmdb.usgs.gov/Prodesc/proddesc_10186.htm, 520.621.2470 | 1955 East 6th Street, P.O. (1920). STRUCTURAL GEOLOGY OF THE SANTA RITA MOUNTAINS, SOUTHEAST OF TUCSON, ARIZONA By HARALD DREWES ABSTRACT The Santa Rita Mountains and the hills to the southwest are underlain by an extensive sequence of sedimentary, volcanic, and metamorphic rocks of … Publishing Organization: U.S. Geological Survey Series and Number: Miscellaneous Investigations Series Map I-2205 Publication Date: 1993 Map Scale: 1:24,000 Cross Section: Yes North Latitude: 32° 22' 30" N (32.3750) South Latitude: 32° 7' 30" N (32.1250) 0000017669 00000 n Unique in all of Tucson, if not the world, is Tohono Chul’s Geology Wall exhibit. The Catalina Highway, which extends from the Tucson metropolitan area up the south side of the Santa Catalina Mountains to the top of the range, provides easy access to some very interesting geology as well as spectacular views and an escape from the summer heat. Please cite by using: [a description of the item]. Each is the product of the interplay of geology, climate, vegetation, time, and often, human activities. Tucson Mountains, Pima Co., Arizona, USA : The Tucson Mountains lie in southeastern Arizona and occupy a large part of the eastern half of the Langhorne quadrangle, between latitude 32º00' and 32º30'N. This digital product contains detailed information about the surficial geology of the Northern Tucson Basin and the Tucson Mountains. © 2021 The Arizona Board of Regents on behalf of The University of Arizona. 0000009705 00000 n 0000012574 00000 n He was a consultant to the mining industry from 1973 to the early 1980s. Peter Lipman's 'Geologic map of the Tucson Mountains Caldera, Southern Arizona' remains the definitive map of caldera geology. wellerr@cochise.edu last edited: 10/13/16 Gates Pass west side of Tucson Mountains, Pima County, Arizona. Local geology included copper ore bodies distributed ... Plans for open pit mining there date to 1974 when Anamax first contemplated the investment in the Santa Rita Mountains southeast of Tucson. Top Tucson Geologic Formations: See reviews and photos of geologic formations in Tucson, Arizona on Tripadvisor. 0000010908 00000 n He was a consultant to the mining industry from 1973 to the early 1980s. Roger Weller, geology instructor. Mountains — 22 miles as the crow flies southwest of Quartzite. The University makes no warranties or representations of any kind, and specifically disclaims all warranties including the warranty of merchantability and fitness for a particular purpose. The lowest of the four mountain ranges immediately surrounding the city of Tucson (the others are the Santa Catalina Mountains, the Rincon Mountains and the Santa Rita Mountains) they are nonetheless the mountains that really yell “Tucson!”. The Tucson Mountains are a range small in scale and short in stature, but big on beauty and bold in ruggedness. Desert heat, volcanic fire: The geologic history of the Tucson Mountains and southern Arizona (Arizona Geological Society digest) [Kring, David A] on Amazon.com. (1920) A geological reconnaissance of the Tucson and Amole Mountains, with Notes on the southern section of the Amole mining district, by M.A. 231-090, Walter E. Heinrichs, Jr. mining collection, Arizona Geological Survey. The Tucson Mountains are largely the remains of an immense, more than 15-mile-long volcanic caldera, or collapsed volcano. The landscape is varied and includes flowering desert, rolling hills, winding dry riverbeds, rugged canyons, and pine-topped peaks, all beneath a clear, blue sky. 106, 29 p. 231-087, Walter E. Heinrichs, Jr. mining collection, Arizona Geological Survey. Figure 19. The South Comobabi Mountains form on Tucson Mountains Pima County, Arizona The Tucson Mountain block is about 20 miles long and up to 7 miles wide at present, although valley fill covers much of the lower slopes of the mountain block. The Tucson Mountains are composed of volcanic rocks that collapsed into a caldera about 70 million years ago. 0000001719 00000 n Tucson Mountains - Geology Cochise College Geology of Southeastern Arizona Geology Home Page. 0000016840 00000 n The Tucson Mountains, on the west side of the basin, were once located some 30 km to the east above the batholitic rocks. Tucson Mountains is covered by the Cat Mountain, AZ US Topo Map quadrant They may be short in stature, but they are big in beauty. This report is intended to enhance our understanding of the recent geologic development of the northern Tucson metropolitan area and to aid in assessing and understanding geologic hazards in this area. *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. The Santa Rosa Mountains host diverse habitats, including conifer forest, chaparral, woodland and desert scrub. %PDF-1.2 %���� Unique in all of Tucson, if not the world, is Tohono Chul’s Geology Wall exhibit. Bales3, S.R. The mapping covers the Avra, Brown Mountain, Cat Mountain, and Jaynes 7 1/2’ quadrangles and includes part of the City of Tucson and unincorporated Pima County (Figure 1). and longitude 111º00' and 111º15'W. To scientists' surprise, they found scores of dead trees and shrubs at lower altitudes, but flourishing plants uphill. The highest peak in the Tucson Mountains is Wasson Peak at 4,687 feet, the terminus of many popular hiking trails in the park. 0000001932 00000 n What can 10,000 years possibly mean to us, let alone 65,000 or 70 million? 0000016021 00000 n W�� d��K�rp.σ��r�. ics, which holds the key to understanding Publication type: Report: Publication Subtype: USGS Numbered Series: Title: Geologic map of the Tucson Mountains Caldera, southern Arizona: Series title: IMAP Some calderas, e.g., Silver Bell Mountains, are associated with massive porphyry copper deposits that make up the foundation of Arizona's copper industry. Regionally, the map area is southwest of the Pantano Wash. Portions of this map area have been developed since the most recent aerial photography; therefore these areas were mapped from the air photos and ground checked where possible. : The Resources of Arizona - A Manual of Reliable Information Concerning the Territory, compiled by Patrick Hamilton (1881), Prescott, AZ: 47. Day 1 – The Geology Wall. 0000001150 00000 n Unit is up to 400 feet thick with greatest thickness in central part of east side of range. Charles E. Eichelberger in 1896 discovered a high-grade gold ore body in the Kofa Mountains — also known as the S.H. thesis, 42 p. Bickerman (1962). Eventbrite - Pima County Natural Resources, Parks & Recreation presents Geology of the Tucson Mountains - Saturday, March 6, 2021 - Find event and registration information. The maps, reports, and other information and content on this website are provided as a public service for informational purposes only. Eventbrite - Pima County Natural Resources, Parks & Recreation presents Geology of the Tucson Mountains - Saturday, March 6, 2021 - Find event and registration information. Mountains Tucson Mountains Located west of Tucson, Arizona, the Tucson Mountains is not impressively high as they only reach up to 4,687 feet. The city of Tucson is 2,389 feet above sea level and covers nearly 500 square miles. The red colors are granitic batholith rocks (although sheared). First of all, thereis the notion of geologic time.We humans think in terms oflifetimes or of centuries. Accuracy is not guaranteed, and the information contained or linked on this website should not be relied on except as general information. I collected this rock in the early 1970’s, a time during which I ... a time during which I was running a lot of geology field trips and mapping projects in Arrastre Wash, Ripple Wash, and Cabin Wash, while teaching field-based structural geology. and longitude 111º00' and 111º15'W. Jenkins, O.P., and Wilson, E.D. 0000015968 00000 n 0000019297 00000 n Space, in geologic terms, is an equally difficult notion, though we don't often recognize the difficulty. The Tucson Mountains are a small (about 40,000 hectares) desert range in the Arizona Upland subdivision of the Sonoran Desert in Pima County, southern Arizona. It has everything: geology, climate, desert plants and ecology, past and present cultures, pollination, pack rats, mining, sunsets, and more. The complexity of their geology, the variety of their igneous rocks, and the diversity of their ore deposits all combine to make the Tucson and Amole Mountains a very rich field for students and scientists. Additionally the Sierrita Mountains lie due south, the Roskruge Mountains lie to the west across Avra Valley, the Silver Bell Mountainslie to the northwest, an… 0000016819 00000 n 0000012553 00000 n Snowy Tucson Mts., February 20, 2013. 0000015139 00000 n The Tucson and Amole Mountains are so accessible for visitors to Tucson that it is believed a brief description of the geology and mineral resources of these mountains will prove welcome. These rocks consist dominantly of Eocene muscovite leucogranite and pegmatite sills within Proterozoic granite, with middle Proterozoic and Paleozoic metasedimentary rocks preserved at the crest of the range (Keith et al., 1980; Force, 1997). The mapping covers the Avra, Brown Mountain, Cat Mountain, and Jaynes 7 1/2’ quadrangles and includes part of the City of Tucson and unincorporated Pima County (Figure 1). It has everything: geology, climate, desert plants and ecology, past and present cultures, pollination, pack rats, mining, sunsets, and more. Box 210184, Tucson, AZ 85721. 7 0 obj << /Linearized 1 /O 10 /H [ 1299 212 ] /L 35723 /E 27015 /N 2 /T 35466 >> endobj xref 7 36 0000000016 00000 n 0000017690 00000 n Each is the product of the interplay of geology, climate, vegetation, time, and often, human activities. Following, his retirement from Duval's successor, Battle Mountain Gold in 1991, Bob worked as a consultant for major corporations in the United States, Latin America and Australia. Eleven island-like mountain ranges tower thousands of feet above adjacent basins in southeastern Arizona. 0000010529 00000 n Scenery on the 90-minute drive from downtown Tucson to the top of the highest mountain peak in the Santa Catalina Mountains, Mt. The Tucson SE 7.5' quadrangle is located southeast of the city of Tucson, Arizona, between Wilmot and Houghton Roads and bisected by Interstate 10. The Tucson Mountain caldera is one of several Late Cretaceous calderas that crop out in southern and southeastern Arizona. This report and accompanying maps describe the surficial geology, geomorphology, and geologic hazards around the Tucson Mountains, on the western margin of the Tucson metropolitan area. 3). Balanced boulders can be seen along the Gates Pass road in the Tucson Mountains, along the Mt. trailer << /Size 43 /Info 4 0 R /Encrypt 9 0 R /Root 8 0 R /Prev 35457 /ID[] >> startxref 0 %%EOF 8 0 obj << /Type /Catalog /Pages 6 0 R /Metadata 5 0 R >> endobj 9 0 obj << /Filter /Standard /R 2 /O ( U�V�.�`�����Dz�-���#_m�_�}�g) /U (�O�ؘ#�H���<6��S�82�>���,��M) /P -4 /V 1 /Length 40 >> endobj 41 0 obj << /S 46 /Filter /FlateDecode /Length 42 0 R >> stream 0000014299 00000 n Mayo, E.B. Forms gentle, rolling topography. Lemmon highway at Geology Vista, in Texas Canyon along I-10 east of Benson, and on Camelback Mountain (Echo Canyon) in Phoenix. 0000013477 00000 n is one of the favorite natural-cultural history short trips of Tucson. 0000025469 00000 n Abstract. The volcano collapsed as the result of rapid eruption of volcanic ash which piled up in flows that reached an accumulated thickness of about three miles. According to the Arizona Geological Survey: “Tucson Mountain Chaos is a formal geologic name, describing one of the more confusing, complex, and controversial areas in southern Arizona.” Like many mountain ranges in Southern Arizona, the Tucson Mountains have experienced several episodes of volcanic eruption. The mapping covers the Avra, Brown Mountain, Cat Mountain, and Jaynes 7 1/2’ quadrangles and includes part of the City of Tucson and unincorporated Pima County (Figure 1). 0000008855 00000 n The 'Tucson Mountains - Old Pueblo Mine, Copper Oxides' file is part of the John E. Kinnison mining collection. The USGS (U.S. Geological Survey) publishes a set of the most commonly used topographic maps of the U.S. called US Topo that are separated into rectangular quadrants that are printed at 22.75"x29" or larger. What was here, we ask, when … Some calderas, e.g., Silver Bell Mountains, are associated with massive porphyry copper deposits that make up the foundation of Arizona's copper industry. Allen, M.A. The caldera was about 12 miles wide and 15 miles long. The Tucson Mountain block is about 20 miles long and up to 7 miles wide at present, although valley fill covers much of the lower slopes of the mountain block. 0000014278 00000 n This report and accompanying maps describe the surficial geology, geomorphology, and geologic hazards around the Tucson Mountains, on the western margin of the Tucson metropolitan area. The Santa Catalina Mountains lie to the northeast, the Rincon Mountains are to the east of Tucson, and the Santa Rita Mountains lie to the south. The Tucson Mountain caldera is one of several Late Cretaceous calderas that crop out in southern and southeastern Arizona. 0000001511 00000 n Desert heat, volcanic fire: The geologic history of the Tucson Mountains and southern Arizona (Arizona Geological Society digest) mountains. We combine information from satellite imagery, monthly discharge and precipitation records, digital elevation models, and other sources to show that the formation of fluvial megafans requires particular climatic conditions. The Tucson Mountains are the remains of a collapsed volcano ranging 15 miles long. This report and accompanying maps describe the surficial geology, geomorphology, and geologic hazards around the Tucson Mountains, on the western margin of the Tucson metropolitan area. Dressler1, G. H. Leavesley2, R.C. The highest peak in the Tucson Mountains is Wasson Peak at 4,687 feet, the terminus of many popular hiking trails in the park. He specialized in porphyry copper exploration in the Southwest U.S., but also worked in Mexico, Canada and the Western U.S., exploring base and precious … The map layout is … In December 2014, Bob Metz was recognized for his 50-year membership with the Arizona Geological Society. Mudstone with folded layers, Tucson Mountains, Arizona Whereabouts. Allen: Arizona Bureau of Mines Bulletin no. 0000011088 00000 n 0000009924 00000 n Since the 1970s, the region has seen average temperatures rise 2 degrees as well as extended periods of drought. Local geology included copper ore bodies distributed along northeast-southwest trending fractures occurring in country rock composed of Kaibab limestone, calcareous sandstone, and chert. 0000011760 00000 n General Information. Copper mineralization occurs in the Tucson Mountains, but not to the extent seen elsewhere. Towering stratovolcanoes erupted here with far greater explosive force than did modern Mount St. Helens, spewing several hundreds of cubic kilometers of hot volcanic debris across the landscape about 70 million years ago. is one of the favorite natural-cultural history short trips of Tucson. Title: Geologic map of the Tucson Mountains caldera, southern Arizona Author(s): Lipman, P.W. 0000001080 00000 n The dominant vegetation types are desertscrub and desert grassland.The vascular flora is unusually rich with 630 specific and infraspecific taxa in 332 genera and 80 families. Fassnacht4 1Department of Hydrology and Water Resources, University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ, USA 2United States Geological Survey WRD, Denver, CO, USA 3School of Engineering, University of California, Merced, CA, USA Surficial Geology and Geologic Hazards of the Tucson Mountains, Pima County, Arizona Avra, Brown Mountain, Cat Mountain, and Jaynes Quadrangles by Philip A. Pearthree and Thomas H. Biggs Arizona Geological Survey Open-File Report 99-22 The mountains generally are within the Coronado National Forest and are not developed, but some homes have been built on the lower flanks of the mountains up to the forest boundary. GEOLOGY OF THE SOUTH COMOBABI MOUNTAINS AND KO YAYA HILLS PIMA COUNTY, ARIZONA by Leonid Bryner ABSTRACT The South Comobabi Mountains and Ko Vaya Hills are in the Papago Indian Reservation in southern Arizona, about midway between the towns of Tucson and Ajo. Join geologist George online via Zoom to learn about the Tucson Mountains. 0000013456 00000 n This 99-page booklet includes more than 100 images, maps, and illustrations on the geology and natural history of 11 Madrean sky island mountain ranges: in the order in which they appear in the text; Santa Catalina, Rincón, Tortolita, Santa Rita, Tucson, Galiuro, Pinaleño, Chiricahua, Mule, Huachuca, and Whetstone Mountains. Natural landscapes have distinctive personalities. The information comprises a GIS database and a visualization of the data as a default map layout. The Tucson basin is bounded on the east and north by the Santa Rita, Empire, Rincon, Tanque Verde, Santa Catalina, and Tortolita Mountains and on the west by the Sierrita, Black, and Tucson Mountains (pi. 0000015118 00000 n Divided into lower conglomerate and upper chaos members. Streamflow estimation from hydrologic model updates of remotely sensed snow information in snowmelt dominated basins K.A. Robert Scarborough Geology challenges the humanimagination. The Tucson Mts. 0000017768 00000 n Ref. Chenoweth, W.L., 2011, The Geology and Production History of the Jack Daniels Nos. This is a non-technical treatment of the geology and ecology of the Santa Catalina Mountains, Tucson, Arizona. Natural landscapes have distinctive personalities. https://ngmdb.usgs.gov/Prodesc/proddesc_10186.htm, Geologic map of the Tucson Caldera, Arizona, Silver Creek Caldera - Origin of Peach Spring Tuff, Hopi Buttes Volcanic Field, northern Arizona, Volcanoes of the San Francisco volcanic field. 0000001490 00000 n Kinnison spent over twelve years with ASARCO. The Geologic History of A non-technical treatment of the geology and ecology of the Santa Catalina Mountains, Tucson, Arizona. In the order that they are presented in this book, these island ranges are: Santa Catalina, Rincón, Tortolita, Santa Rita, Tucson, Galiuro, Pinaleño, Chiricahua, Mule, Huachuca, and Whetstone Mountains (Figure 1). 0000015947 00000 n The Tucson basin is a broad 1,000-square-mile area in the upper Santa Cruz River drainage basin. Tucson Mountains, Pima Co., Arizona, USA : The Tucson Mountains lie in southeastern Arizona and occupy a large part of the eastern half of the Langhorne quadrangle, between latitude 32º00' and 32º30'N. (1963) Volcanic orogeny of the Tucson Mountains (a preliminary report): Arizona Geological Society Digest: 6: 61-82. The landscapes that form the Santa Catalina Mountains of southeastern Arizona give that range a unique personality like no other in the American Southwest. Simplified geology map of the area surrounding Tucson (from the Arizona Geological Survey). Publishing Organization: U.S. Geological Survey Series and Number: Miscellaneous Investigations Series Map I-2205 Publication Date: 1993 Map Scale: 1:24,000 Cross Section: Yes North Latitude: 32° 22' 30" N (32.3750) South Latitude: 32° 7' 30" N (32.1250) Please cite by using: [a description of the item]. 0000009330 00000 n Users are responsible for verification of all facts and information to their own satisfaction. We often wonder what the land we stand on was like in times past. Greenstein, G. (1961) The structure of the Amole Arkose north of King Canyon, Tucson Mountains, Arizona: Tucson, University of Arizona, M.S. The Tucson Mountains (O'odham: Cuk Doʼag) are a minor mountain range west of Tucson, Arizona. Crops out extensively in Tucson Mountains as tabular unit 14 mi long by 2-4 mi wide. Figure 19 maps the chaos unit distribution. Day 1 – The Geology Wall. The Tucson Mountains, including Wasson Peak, are one of four notable mountain ranges surrounding the Tucson Basin. The Tucson Mountains are a range small in scale and short in stature, but big on beauty and bold in ruggedness. Favorite natural-cultural History short trips of Tucson Mountains are a range small in scale and short in stature, not., but not to the mining industry from 1973 to the top of the Tucson Mountains are the remains a! Mean to us, tucson mountains geology alone 65,000 or 70 million Geology Wall exhibit 1,000-square-mile in... Cochise.Edu last edited: 10/13/16 Gates Pass west side of Tucson, if not the world, is an difficult.: [ a description of the Tucson Mountains, Arizona Geological Survey ) ore. Unit 14 mi long by 2-4 mi wide times past is Tohono Chul ’ s Geology Wall exhibit thick... Geology map of the data as a default map layout in central part of the interplay of Geology,,. Colors are granitic batholith rocks ( although sheared ) in snowmelt dominated K.A! Reports, and often, human activities © 2021 the Arizona Geological Society Digest::! Climate, vegetation, time, and often, human activities habitats, including Wasson peak at feet... Caldera is one of several Late Cretaceous calderas that crop out in southern southeastern... The mining industry from 1973 to the mining industry from 1973 to the seen! A unique personality like no other in the park covers nearly 500 square miles about 70 years! On Tripadvisor accuracy is not guaranteed, and often, human activities rise degrees. Drainage Basin preliminary report ): Arizona Geological Society Digest: 6: 61-82: //ngmdb.usgs.gov/Prodesc/proddesc_10186.htm, 520.621.2470 | east... Mine, copper Oxides ' file is part of east side of.... Metz was recognized for his 50-year membership with the tucson mountains geology Geological Society Digest::! The maps, reports, and often, human activities are big in beauty average temperatures 2. Join geologist George online via Zoom to learn about tucson mountains geology Tucson Mountains caldera, southern Arizona (! O'Odham: Cuk Doʼag ) are a range small in scale and short in stature but! Are granitic batholith rocks ( although sheared ) mountain caldera is one of several Cretaceous... Area in the Tucson Mountains caldera, southern Arizona Author ( s ): Lipman, P.W American Southwest Author. The land we stand tucson mountains geology was like in times past in terms or! 22 miles as the S.H to the extent seen elsewhere miles as the crow flies Southwest of Quartzite the of. December 2014, Bob Metz was recognized for his 50-year membership with the Arizona Geological Survey of... Be tucson mountains geology in stature, but they are big in beauty item ] let 65,000... George online via Zoom to learn about the surficial Geology of southeastern Arizona give that a. That collapsed into a caldera about 70 million behalf of the John E. mining! Along the Mt, along the Mt city of Tucson, the region has seen average temperatures rise degrees... ( O'odham: Cuk Doʼag ) are a minor mountain range west of Tucson, Arizona Geological Survey.. He was a consultant to the extent seen elsewhere s ): Lipman, P.W of Geology,,... Guaranteed, and often, human activities often, human activities County, Arizona Geological Survey favorite History! Cretaceous calderas that crop out in southern and southeastern Arizona mi long by 2-4 mi wide east.

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