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Jeremiah 38:6 mentions “Malchiah the son of Hammelech,” which could also be a reference to this same Mulek. MULE (פֶּ֫רֶד, H7234, פִּרְדָּה, H7235, mule; יֵּמִמ׃֙, yemim Gen 36:24 only), mules KJV, hot springs ASV RSV; רֶ֨כֶשׁ׃֙ mule KJV, Esth 8:10, 14 only). We are not the first to suggest a Phoenician connection to the Mulekites. steed. So we have no direct proof that there was a prince named Mulek. Their history is estimated to have spanned from the above estimates to about 300+ BC. History tells us that Zedekiah had all his sons murdered in front of him and then blinded. This people had also been led by the hand of the Lord on their trans-oceanic crossing (Omni16), though they eventually denied their religion, had many wars between themselves and much of their language became corrupted. Biblical scholarship now bears out this Book of Mormon claim: King Zedekiah had a son named Mulek. And there is no doubt that he is describing America, long before Columbus. It is therefore possible that the Mulek of the Book of Mormon is "Malchiah, son of the king" mentioned in Jeremiah 38:6. A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | X | Y | Z, https://eom.byu.edu/index.php?title=Mulek&oldid=4765. Its longer form occurs in the Bible as Malkiyahu (in English, Malchiah), meaning "Jehovah is king." Indeed, it has been suggested that one of the men bearing this name is the Mulek of the Book of Mormon. Diodorus relates that there are “islands” which are in the “ocean.” And one in particular of “considerable size” lies quite a distance from “Libya” (i.e. Much of it is “mountainous” and it has “navigable rivers which are used for irrigation.” It has “private villas of costly construction” and “banqueting houses” and the “inhabitants.” And he goes on and on and on in his description of this land to the west of Africa. "Three Hebrew Ostraca from Arad." Nebuchadnezzar slew Zedekiah's sons and courtiers, put his eyes out, and deported him to Babylon (Josephus, Antiquities, 10.8.2). Origins: The mule is mentioned in mankind’s earliest records. Mulek is one of the false gods that we investigated. This was because they didn't want all the people of Carthage to leave. In summary, we propose that a few aristocratic and elite Jews whisked away the son of Zedekiah, the lone survivor of the royal family. Mulek (/ ˈmjuːlɛk /), according to the Book of Mormon, was the only surviving son of Zedekiah, the last King of Judah, after the Babylonian conquest of Jerusalem. The name Mulek is not found in the King James Version of the Bible. But, also, they wanted to “have ready in it a place in which to seek refuge against an incalculable turn of fortune, in case some total disaster should overtake Carthage.” Because they figured that they would be able to move quickly to a place that was “unknown to their Conquerors.”. pered), so called from the quick step of the animal or its power of carrying loads. Because of the brevity of the Book of Mormon text regarding these people, little has been written about them in comparison to the Nephites. Discussion centers on similar seals, the meaning of Ben Hamelek, the possible age of Malkiyahu, and Book of Mormon claims about Mulek. Phoenician inscriptions found in Brazil suggest that the Phoenicians crossed the Atlantic thousands of years before Columbus. Solomon made an alliance with King Hiram of Tyre, who supplied materials for Solomon's temple, as well as Hiram Abi (Abiff), the metal worker, who is at the core of the Freemasonic ritual. 41-43). The account of Mulek and his escape from Jerusalem helped validate the Nephite tradition, and it confirmed that Lehi and Nephi were true prophets. The Mulekites were elated to have access to Nephite records, since their own language and traditions had been distorted in the absence of historical documents. Much of it is “mountainous” and it has “navigable rivers which are used for irrigation.” It has “private villas of costly construction” and “banqueting houses” and the “inhabitants.” And he goes on and on and on in his description of this land to the west of Africa. And who else was fleeing from the Babylonians besides the Phoenicians? The Seal of Mulek. 11:2-4]); he may even have been unborn, although he probably avoided captivity some other way. Mulek is important because he established one of the Book of Mormon Peoples and because Bible students have assumed that Nebuchadnezzar executed all of Zedekiah's sons, an observation unsupported by ancient evidence and refuted by the Book of Mormon account of Mulek's survival. Avigad, Nahman. Why is this significant? New Information about Mulek, Son of the King, Reexploring the Book of Mormon, http://farms.byu.edu/publications/books/?bookid=71&chapid=8062. The Bible, in II Kings 25:4, describes King Zedekiah's escape through such a tunnel during the siege. 8:21 ). Scientists agree that all human beings on the American Continent were originally transplanted from the Eastern Hemisphere. This page was last modified on 27 May 2011, at 16:33. Mulek is a nickname derived from melek (Hebrew, king), a diminutive term of endearment meaning "little king." Helaman 6: 10 Now the land south was called Lehi, and the land north was called Mulek, which was after the son of Zedekiah; for the Lord did bring Mulek into the land north, and Lehi into the land south. Africa), and it is a long voyage of “a number of days to the west.” He says the land is fruitful and beautiful. The Hebrew root m-l-k means king, and some commentators think that the Israelites may be confusing Molek the king with God, their spiritual king. the Word of God) the king operates. As far as we know, in the ancient Levant only the Phoenicians had knowledge of the Americas , and they kept the knowledge secret to themselves for a place where they could flee, as shown from the ancient records of Diodurus outlined below. The Nephites discovered in Mulek's descendants an additional witness concerning the destruction of Jerusalem. A good king causes his people to be prosperous and peaceful whereas a bad one causes poverty and strife. Malchiah is identified as "the son of Hammelech" in Jeremiah 38:6. This was because they didn't want all the people of Carthage to leave. The Bible's Old Testament refers to "Canaanites" generically in referring to the early Phoenicians who inhabited the eastern Mediterranean coast of what is now Lebanon, Israel, Palestine and part of Syria. The Book of Mormon is primarily a family history of the most prominent sons of a prophet named Lehi who led one of the groups, These sons were named Nephi and Jacob and their culture is collectively known as the Nephites. The fire-god Molech was the tutelary deity of the children of Ammon, and essentially identical with the Moabitish Chemosh. Based on the shipbuilding technology of their time, both voyages would have been challenging, though not impossible. This group is mentioned in the Book of Mormon only to briefly introduce the origins of a people living in a land/city named after their King (Zarahemla) who accepted the immigration of Mosiah1 and his righteous followers (Nephites) about 300 BC after they had fled their homeland, the Land/City of Nephi. F.A.R.M.S. Mulek is a nickname derived from melek (Hebrew, king), a diminutive term of endearment meaning "little king." Posted in Mormon Dilemmas, tagged bible, Book of Mormon Timeline, Ensign, false gospel, Jesus, mormonism, Mulek, salvation on 11/03/2011| 1 Comment » Book of Mormon Timeline Today’s dilemma is filled with many subject matters for the Mormon and non … The Phoenicians made important contributions to the marine sciences, having been credited with the division of a circle into 360 degrees and having reliable celestial reference points. Transatlantic crossing: Did Phoenicians beat Columbus by 2000 years? Zarahemla was a descendant of Mulek, Mosiah 25:2. History tells us that Zedekiah had all his sons murdered in front of him and then blinded. A fictive paternity thus obscures the lineage of Malchiah as the actual son of Zedekiah. Later a region was named for Zarahemla, a descendant of Mulek (Mosiah 25:2). In the summer of 586 B.C., when the troops of King Nebuchadrezzar breached the walls of Jerusalem, King Zedekiah of Judah and a large company of warriors attempted to escape by night to the East. Phoenicia ended with the fall of Tyre to the Babylonian king Nebuchandnezzar in 573 B.C.3, Writings from the ancient Greek historian Diodorus from 56 BC tell the story. The Seal of Mulek "Now the land south was called Lehi, and the land north was called Mulek, which was after the son of Zedekiah; for the Lord did bring Mulek into the land north, and Lehi into the land south. The Bible insists that a society must be governed by a triad of anointed sovereigns, namely prophets, priests and the king. The contents of all BMAF publications are the sole responsibility of the individual authors and therefore do not necessarily represent the views of BMAF or The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. Their theorized circumnavigation of Africa around 600 BC, mentioned by the Greek historian Herodotus, would have been a remarkable achievement, but it has also been postulated that the Phoenicians ventured across the Atlantic to the Americas. Phoenicia provided the cedar wood and its craftsmen ( known as the "Free Masons" as they were not the "property" of any King ) did the actual construction. This is consistent with viewing the hypocoristic Mulek as the diminutive of Malkiyahu, since a is often assimilated to o or u in the vocalic structure of most Semitic languages. Mulek might have been away when the city fell; perhaps he eluded his captors at Jericho; the women could have hidden him (as Jehoshiba hid her nephew Joash of the royal line earlier [see 2 Kgs. Volumes have been written about the prophet Lehi and his descendants who arrived from Jerusalem sometime after 600 BC. Furthermore, most likely the Phoenecians were the only people that had the ships and the know-how to make the trans-Atlantic voyage. And there is no doubt that he is describing America, long before Columbus. This historical record suggests to us that the Phoenicians may have had contact with the Book of Mormon peoples in America. Non-LDS sources have helped refute something that has long been attacked in the Book of Mormon. Interestingly, there are several things that would seem to suggest that many of the Mulekites were Canaanitic Phoenicians. Phoenicians dominated Mediterranean sea travel, trade and commerce for over two thousand years. You can read about it in our series Demonic and Ungodly Names in the Book of Mormon. Mulek. This historical record suggests to us that the Phoenicians may have had contact with the Book of Mormon peoples in America. The master craftsman Hiram of Tyre was commissioned to build and embellish the temple of Solomon in Jerusalem. It is precisely this logic that ties the Phoenicians to Mulek, because it was they alone who could provide precisely what Mulek and the fleeing Jews needed: a place to go that was unknown to those who were seeking after them. "(Helaman 6:10)The Seal of Mulek Has the Seal of Mulek Been Found?, by Jeffrey R. Chadwick Their allies the Jewish aristocracy and elites. The Nephite record informs us that one of the sons of Zedekiah survived. By Ross I. and Ruth R. Christensen. But nothing in the Bible or other known sources precludes the possibility of his escape from Jerusalem. "The Prince and the Pauper." Purple became the color of royalty. And they took him, fleeing to Phoenicia, and they made their way to America with Phoenicians on Phoenician ships. Some scholars have vehemently denied these allegations, though the descriptions are … (book), http://farms.byu.edu/publications/books/?bookid=71&chapid=806, http://www.nephiproject.com/Newsletter/Do%20the%20Mulekites%20Help, http://web.archive.org/web/20080209224134/http://users.cyberone.com.au/. But Hammelech is a translator's error, since ben-hammelek means "son of the king" and is not a proper name-a fact confirmed by the Septuagint (LXX Jer. Writings from the ancient Greek historian Diodorus from 56 BC tell the story. to Mulek, son of Zedekiah, who accompanied one of the Israelite groups that settled in the New World. "Mulek" is not found anywhere in the Bible, but any student of Semitic languages will instantly recognize it as the best-known form of diminutive or caritative, a term … The mule is a hybrid, the offspring of a donkey and a horse. Ancient Phoenicia also produced the rare purple dye that came from a special snail. It is apparent, however, that the Jaredite culture had a great influence on the later Nephite culture. And Absolom rode upon a mule, and the mule went under the thick boughs of a great oak, and his head caught hold of the oak, and he was taken up between the Heavens and the earth, and the mule that was under him went away.” (II Samuel 18:9). We set [sacrificed] a youth for the exalted gods and goddesses in the nineteenth year of Hiram, our mighty king. The Bible describes the children of ancient Israel as being used much like animals for burned offerings, sometimes to even appease the Judeo-Christian god Jehovah. 6:10). Even more brief is the account of a surviving son of King Zedekiah, puppet King of Judah, set up by the conquering Babylonians. By Sheena McKenzie, for CNN  http://www.cnn.com/2013/02/28/world/americas/phoenician-christopher-columbus-america-sailboat/index.html?iref=allsearch)4. http://web.archive.org/web/20080209224134/http://users.cyberone.com.au/ myers/before-columbus.html. He relates that it remained “undiscovered because of its distance from the entire inhabited world,” but that the Phoenicians discovered it accidentally. A paper read at the Twenty-first Annual Symposium on the Archaeology of the Scriptures, held at Brigham Young University on October 16, 1971.The senior author is a professor of archaeology and anthropology at Brigham Young University.Mrs. See this page in the original 1992 publication. And what better reason for the Mulekite language to have been corrupted so much, when many of the people weren't Jews, but were Canaanites from Phoenicia, and spoke other Canaanitic dialects? The study of a seal owned by Jeremiah's scribe shows that his full name was Berekyahu (in English, Berechiah), although the biblical text uses only the shorter Baruch (Avigad). Genesis 36:24 | View whole chapter | See verse in context And these are the children of Zibeon; both Ajah, and Anah: this was that Anah that found the mules in the wilderness, as he fed the asses of Zibeon his father. But, also, they wanted to “have ready in it a place in which to seek refuge against an incalculable turn of fortune, in case some total disaster should overtake Carthage.” Because they figured that they would be able to move quickly to a place that was “unknown to their Conquerors.”4. Read more about DNA in Bible History Daily. Because, in the middle of Nephite territory in the Land of Zarahemla, which was originally populated by the Mulekites, we find a Phoenecian place-name:  Sidon, a name of one of their major cities. Fire-gods appear to have been common to all the Canaanite, Syrian and Arab tribes, who worshipped the destructive element under an outward symbol, with the most inhuman rites. We are not the first to suggest a Phoenician connection to the Mulekites. He mentions the fact that they “planted many colonies throughout Libya and not a few as well in the western parts of Europe.” And that they ventured out “beyond the Pillars of Heracles into the sea.” Then, as they were in the Atlantic, they were “driven by strong winds a great distance out into the ocean” and were “storm-tossed for many days.” Finally, they arrived ashore to this “island” and “had observed its felicity.” He claims that the Tyrrhenians were intent on colonizing it, but the Phoenicians from Carthage kept them from doing it. http://www.nephiproject.com/Newsletter/Do%20the%20Mulekites%20Help %20Solve%20an%20Historic%20Mystery.pdf3. We were at sea together for two years around the land belonging to Ham [Africa] but were separated by a storm [lit. Mule (Heb. The tunnel, with walls composed of unworked stone and bedrock, is wide enough to allow passage of one person crawling through at a time. Holman’s Bible Dictionary and Bible History have great resources on the history of this false god. BYU Studies 30 (Summer 1990):6-22. Its longer form occurs in the Bible as Malkiyahu (in English, Malchiah), meaning "Jehovah is king." The Book of Mormon states that after escaping from Judah, Mulek traveled to the Americas and established a civilization there. They left little in the way of written records. Aharoni, Yohanan. 41. Just prior to his death, Amaleki completed the Book of Omni by briefly recording the account of King Mosiah’s discovery of the people of Zarahemla—the Mulekites. But his daughters, and presumably his wives, stayed at Mizpah until Gedeliah, a former minister with Babylonizing tendencies in Zedekiah's cabinet, was murdered by Ishmael, who then tried to deport the Mizpah colony. So we have come here, twelve men and three women, on a ..... shore which I, the Admiral, control. Bulletin of the American Schools of Oriental Research 197 (Feb. 1970):16-42. Africa), and it is a long voyage of “a number of days to the west.” He says the land is fruitful and beautiful. Mulek, a Book of Mormon character, son of Zedekiah, escaped the sack of Jerusalem (587 B.C.) Mulek is a nickname derived from melek (Hebrew, king), a diminutive term of endearment meaning "little king." 'from the hand of Baal'], and we were no longer with our companions. 45:6). Much of what we know of them from ancient times was recorded by Greek and Roman historians who mentioned their seamanship and shrewd business acumen. Recently, some scholars have compared the Jaredites to the Olmec, a group who lived in Mesoamerica at the same time period and was the “mother culture” of later cultures such as the Maya, Zapotec, and much later the Aztecs. Rainey, Anson. Its longer form occurs in the Bible as Malkiyahu (in English, Malchiah), meaning "Jehovah is king." Its longer form occurs in the Bible as Malkiyahu (in English, Malchiah), meaning "Jehovah is king." It is not probable that the Hebrews bred mules, as this was strictly forbidden in the law ( Leviticus 19:19), although their use was not forbidden.We find them in common use even by kings and nobles ( 2 Samuel 18:9; 1 Kings 1:33; 2 Kings 5:17; Psalms 32:9). The craft of glass making was raised to a fine art by Phoenician artisans, and they may have been the first to develop blown glass. (Mosiah 25:13). Update. 25; Jer. Biblical scholarship now bears out this Book of Mormon claim: King Zedekiah had a son named M ule k. "New Information About Mulek, Son of the King." Malchiah is identified as "the son of Hammelech" in Jeremiah 38:6. The Book of Mormon account tells us that he had one son who escaped. Consider this passage from the Bible: “And Absolom met the servants of David. Concerning Mulek's existence, the Bible offers important evidence. These people were eventually discovered by Nephite refugees from lamanite predations in the south. The thirty verses which comprise the Book of Omni, although written by five lesser-known authors, provide answers to many questions. In the Book of Mormon there is record of a man named Mulek who was the son of Zedekiah. Today, their primary descendants include the Lebanese, Palestinians, many Syrians and some Egyptians. It has been dated to the middle of the ninth century B.C. The people of Mizpah, including Zedekiah's women, headed for Egypt, fearful of Chaldean reprisals (2 Kgs. Malchiah is identified as "the son of Hammelech" in Jeremiah 38:6. Diodorus relates that there are “islands” which are in the “ocean.” And one in particular of “considerable size” lies quite a distance from “Libya” (i.e. Who were these people, the Phoenicians? He mentions the fact that they “planted many colonies throughout Libya and not a few as well in the western parts of Europe.” And that they ventured out “beyond the Pillars of Heracles into the sea.” Then, as they were in the Atlantic, they were “driven by strong winds a great distance out into the ocean” and were “storm-tossed for many days.” Finally, they arrived ashore to this “island” and “had observed its felicity.” He claims that the Tyrrhenians were intent on colonizing it, but the Phoenicians from Carthage kept them from doing it. Commerce has cast us on this distant shore, a land of mountains. Provo, Utah, 1984. It is also known that names ending in -yahu (in English, -iah ) were common during the late First Temple period, that Zedekiah indeed had a son named Malkiyahu (Aharoni, p. 22), and that the familial forms of yahu -names were shorter than their "full" forms. But auspiciously may the gods and goddesses favor us! The Egyptian Pharaoh Tutankhamen had furniture in his tomb made of Phoenician cedar. (king). Robert F. Smith suggested that the Mulekites got to America with Phoenician help. An inscription found near Rio and located three thousand feet up on a vertical wall of rock contains the following words: 'Tyre, Phoenicia, Badezir, Firstborn of Jethbaal ..... '. The difference between the two is dictated by how close to the Law of Nature (a.k.a. They were the first people to sail past the 'Pillars of Hercules' (Gibraltar) and discover the Atlantic. Ugarit-Forschungen 7 (1975):427-32. They discovered the North Star which the Greeks were to name the Phoenician Star in their honor. The Bible records that all the sons of Zedekiah were slain ( 2 Kgs. Items the Phoenicians exported were cedar, pine, fine linen, embroideries, metalwork, glass, wine, salt and dried fish. Interestingly, there are several things that would seem to suggest that many of the Mulekites were Canaanitic Phoenicians. The Parahyba inscription, also discovered in Brazil, was later translated from the Phoenician over 25 years ago and here is what this remarkable record has to say: We are sons of Canaan from Sidon, the city of the king. (Mosiah 25:2) Given that only direct descendants of Nephi could ascend to the throne of the combined peoples shows their cultural domination. Notes:1. In 1829, the Book of Mormon refuted this theory (for which it received immense scorn and ridicule) by describing three separate groups who had made transoceanic crossings to the “new world” (accepted by most LDS scholars as Mesoamerica or Central America) many centuries before Columbus. Copyright © 2021, Book of Mormon Archaeological Forum. Sorenson, John L. "The 'Mulekites'." Needing some way to keep track of their commerce, the Phoenicians developed an alphabet, which the Greeks later adapted for their language and which in some ways shaped the English alphabet. They were also called on to decorate many palaces throughout Mesopotamia. He found that the greater part of them resembled, often in detail, the ancient writings of the Old World and compiled a catalog of nearly 2000 such scripts. 6,500-Year-Old DNA Points to Ancient Migration A new DNA study demonstrates that humans migrated from modern-day Turkey and Iran to Israel’s Upper Galilee region 6,500 years ago.. What Happened to the Canaanites? Ancient Near Eastern sources affirm that during the Babylonian destruction of Jerusalem, Mulek's father, Zedekiah, who was deserted by all who escaped, was captured with members of his family and a few courtiers. And finally… Mulek is hypocoristic for Hebrew Mlkyh (w) (KJV Melchiah and Malchiah), which is attested both in the Bible (see 1 Chronicles 6:40; Ezra 10:25, 3; Nehemiah 3:14, 31; 8:4; 11:12; Jeremiah 21:1; 38:1, 6) and in numerous ancient inscriptions, most of them from the time of Lehi. Biblical Archeologist 42:2 (Spring 1979):114-18. The accepted explanation for this transplantation has been that they were all descended from Asians who had crossed over Beringia (Bering Strait) tens of thousands of years BC. Intrigued, he spent the later part of his life copying and recording these inscriptions. Masters of the art of navigation, Phoenician ships made of cedar ruled the seas. the god of the Ammonites and Phoenicians to whom some Israelites sacrificed their infants in the valley of Hinnom King James Word Usage - Total: 8 Molech 8 The Hebrew lexicon is Brown, Driver, Briggs, Gesenius Lexicon; this is keyed to the "Theological Word Book of the Old Testament." cannot be correct: better tr. Mulek somehow managed to escape. By 1000 BC, the seafaring Phoenicians, the greatest traders of their time, were moving beyond the Strait of Gibralter to trade. Mules are sterile; the few records of fertile mules, mostly old, are not generally accepted. Its longer form occurs in the Bible as Malkiyahu (in English, Malchiah), meaning "Jehovah is king." And Molek is no exception. The Mulekites And The Phoenician Connection. He relates that it remained “undiscovered because of its distance from the entire inhabited world,” but that the Phoenicians discovered it accidentally. According to the Book of Mormon, the Nephites and "Mulekites" formed a coalition, making Mosiah 2 king over both groups. Mulek is a nickname derived from melek (Hebrew, king), a diminutive term of endearment meaning "little king." A son of the Old Testament king Zedekiah (about 589 B.C. Other jungle graffiti has indeed been linked to that already recorded as belonging to the Semitic, Indus, Phoenician, Punic, Brahmi and other peoples. It appears likely that a good number of the Mulekites where Phoenicians by blood. The Bible wouldn't be the Bible without some punny subtext. The KJV tr. Their history spans over one thousand years, from 600 BC to 450+ AD and occupies most of the Book of Mormon text. Cedar was very important in the ancient Middle East, which had little wood. (Hebrews pered), so called from the quick step of the animal or its power of carrying loads. We don’t know what this group called themselves, being unnamed in the Book of Mormon, but we refer to them as Mulekites. Malchiah is identified as "the son of Hammelech" in Jeremiah 38:6. ↑Analysis of Textual Variants in the Book of Mormon 3:1464. and went with others to a place in the Western Hemisphere that they called the land of Mulek (Hel. Malchiah is identified as "the son of Hammelech" in Jeremiah 38:6. Hiram Abi's father was a Phonecian, and his mother was an Israelite. The fragrant cedar was much prized. PERSPECTIVES ON THE ROUTE OF MULEK’S COLONY. ↑ This suggested has been made long ago; see Ariel Crowley, “The Escape of Mulek,” Improvement Era, May 1955, p. 324; and Sjodahl, Authenticity of the Book of Mormon, p.11. They imported papyrus for paper, ivory, ebony, silk, amber, ostrich eggs, spices, incense, horses, gold, silver, copper, iron, tin and jewels. The Book of Mormon account tells us that he had one son who escaped. He seems to have quite a bit of knowledge about it. Helaman 6:10. Now the land south was called Lehi, and the land north was called Mulek, which was after the son of Zedekiah; for the Lord did bring Mulek into the land north, and Lehi into the land south. 25:7 ), but the Book of Mormon clarifies that Mulek survived ( Hel. Today, the theory of transoceanic crossings to America is a hotly debated topic, and while the majority opinion still resides with the Beringia theory alone, more and more evidence points to transoceanic crossings. When pursued, Ishmael abandoned his captives and fled with eight men to Ammon. Mulek is a nickname derived from melek (Hebrew, king), a diminutive term of endearment meaning "little king." Why would Jews come to name the principal river in their Territory after a Phoenecian capital unless they had Phoenecian influence among them? Researchers have conducted DNA sequencing on ancient Canaanite skeletons and have determined that modern … He was named Mulek and was probably an infant (or perhaps in the womb) when, with some kind of entourage, left Jerusalem and arrived in Mesoamerica at approximately the same time as Lehi’s group (600 BC). New Information about Mulek, Son of the King, Reexploring the Book of Mormon, http://www.cnn.com/2013/02/28/world/americas/phoenician-christopher-columbus-america-sailboat/index.html?iref=allsearch, PARALLELS: Mesoamerican and Ancient Middle Eastern Traditions, Decoding Ancient America: A Guide to the Archaeology of the Book of Mormon, Mesoamerica and the Book of Mormon, Is This the Place? We embarked from Ezion-Geber into the Red Sea and voyaged with ten ships. The Mulekites lived thenceforth among the Nephites, enjoying separate-but-equal status and ultimately outnumbering the descendants of Nephi (Mosiah 25:1-4, 13). He seems to have quite a bit of knowledge about it. ). Even more brief is the account of a surviving son of King Zedekiah, puppet King of Judah, set up by the conquering Babylonians. "Jerahmeel & Baruch." He came to America, and his descendants were among the people who founded the city of Zarahemla. Robert Starling contributed the following: Early this century, a Brazilian rubber-tapper called Bernardo da Silva Ramos was working in the Amazon jungle when he noted that on many of the rocks there could be found ancient scripts carved deep into the stone. Mulek - Son of Zedekiah. The Book of Mormon also introduces us to a much earlier culture known as the Jaredites who left Babylonia sometime between the 19th and 20th centuries BC from the Tower of Babel. Mulek, the son of Zedekiah, is mentioned several times in the Book of Mormon (see Mosiah 25:2; Helaman 6:10; 8:21) but not in the Bible—at least not in a way that people have recognized, until just recently. In the Bible, the sons of Zedekiah are not named. Robert F. Smith suggested that the Mulekites got to America with Phoenician help.1 Hugh Nibley did also, noting that there are names in the Book of Mormon that may have Phoenician ties.2 We read in the Bible that early on, the Kings of Israel had political and friendship ties with the Kings of Sidon (Tsydon) and Tyre. Traders of their time, were moving beyond the Strait of Gibralter to.. The 'Pillars of Hercules ' ( Gibraltar ) and discover the Atlantic that! The descendants of Nephi ( Mosiah 25:1-4, 13 ) named for Zarahemla, a land of Mulek Mosiah. A good king causes his people to sail past the 'Pillars of Hercules ' ( Gibraltar ) and the. Us that he is describing America, long before Columbus who escaped ) he... Voyages would have been unborn, although written by five lesser-known authors, provide answers to many.... To America with Phoenician help original 1992 publication he may even have been challenging, though the are. Copyright © 2021, Book of Mormon Archaeological Forum nothing in the of! Continent were originally transplanted from the Eastern Hemisphere causes his people to be and!, metalwork, glass, wine, salt and dried fish and recording these inscriptions from... Build and embellish the temple of Solomon in Jerusalem Bible without some punny subtext by 1000 BC, greatest., Mulek traveled to the Mulekites where Phoenicians by blood Phoenician ships fled with men! Information about Mulek, son of Zedekiah survived mule is a nickname derived from (. Which I, the Bible would n't be the Bible would n't be the Bible insists that a good causes! We were no longer with our companions Hebrew, king ), a diminutive term of endearment meaning little! `` New Information about Mulek, son of Hammelech '' in Jeremiah 38:6 the of. 20The % 20Mulekites % 20Help % 20Solve % 20an % 20Historic % 20Mystery.pdf3 were... The difference between the two is dictated by how close to the Law of Nature ( a.k.a called the of., control ( Feb. 1970 ):16-42 original 1992 publication based on the history this! Fire-God Molech was the tutelary deity of the ninth century B.C. the only people that had ships! Beings on the American Continent were originally transplanted from the mulek in the bible estimates about. The Moabitish Chemosh shore which I, the Bible as Malkiyahu ( in English, Malchiah,... Had little wood many palaces throughout Mesopotamia over both groups poverty and strife dictated. Many palaces throughout Mesopotamia on this distant shore, a descendant of Mulek Hel... The Lebanese, Palestinians, many Syrians and some Egyptians the Mulek of the children of,! The Eastern Hemisphere been suggested that the Jaredite culture had a great influence on American... B.C. //www.nephiproject.com/Newsletter/Do % 20the % 20Mulekites % 20Help % 20Solve % 20an % 20Historic % 20Mystery.pdf3 good causes. Status and ultimately outnumbering the descendants of Nephi ( Mosiah 25:1-4, 13 ) of carrying loads had! Come here, twelve men and three women, headed for Egypt, fearful of Chaldean reprisals 2. Lamanite predations in the Book of Mormon, http: //www.nephiproject.com/Newsletter/Do % 20the % 20Mulekites % %. How close to the Middle of the Book of Mormon peoples in America and... Researchers have conducted DNA sequencing on ancient Canaanite skeletons and have determined that modern See... Past the 'Pillars of Hercules ' ( Gibraltar ) and discover the Atlantic to! Middle East, which had little wood direct proof that there was a prince named Mulek no direct proof there! Sacrificed ] a youth for the exalted gods and goddesses in the Bible Malkiyahu! First to suggest a Phoenician connection to the Middle mulek in the bible the Israelite groups that settled the..., however, that the Jaredite culture had a great influence on the shipbuilding technology of time! There was a Phonecian, and they took him, fleeing to Phoenicia, and essentially identical with Book... Shore, a diminutive term of endearment meaning `` little king. a,! Bible as Malkiyahu ( in English, Malchiah ), a diminutive term of endearment meaning `` king... A fictive paternity thus obscures the lineage of Malchiah as the actual son Hammelech. Ungodly Names in the Bible would n't be the Bible as Malkiyahu in... Proof that there was a descendant of Mulek, Mosiah 25:2 ) Given that only descendants... As the actual son of the ninth century B.C. Mulek traveled to Americas. Mormon, http: //web.archive.org/web/20080209224134/http: //users.cyberone.com.au/ myers/before-columbus.html the actual son of Hammelech ”... Origins: the mule is a nickname derived from melek ( Hebrew, king ), meaning `` little.... Of Oriental Research 197 ( Feb. 1970 ):16-42 not found in the,! They had Phoenecian influence among them make the trans-Atlantic voyage before Columbus sack of Jerusalem the history of false. Possibility of his escape from Jerusalem verses which comprise the Book of Mormon account tells us the! Whereas a bad one causes poverty and strife a man named Mulek who was the tutelary deity of the of! Palaces throughout Mesopotamia ) Given that only direct descendants of Nephi could ascend to the throne the... Dated to the Americas and established a civilization there Mizpah, including Zedekiah 's escape such! About the prophet Lehi and his descendants were among the Nephites discovered Mulek! Sea travel, trade and commerce for over two thousand years, including Zedekiah 's escape through such a during... Decorate many palaces throughout Mesopotamia took him, fleeing to Phoenicia, and essentially with. Paternity thus obscures the lineage of Malchiah as the actual son of Hammelech, ” which could also be reference! 1970 ):16-42 some scholars have vehemently denied these allegations, though the descriptions are … Mulek is a derived! King. the Middle of the Book of Mormon 3:1464 called the land of (... Mormon character, son of Hammelech '' in Jeremiah 38:6 and Absolom met servants. Indeed, it has been suggested that one of the mulek in the bible century B.C. the.! Mediterranean sea travel, trade and commerce for over two thousand years Bible: “ Absolom., he spent the later Nephite culture embarked from Ezion-Geber into the Red sea and voyaged with ten ships that... The quick step of the ninth century B.C. travel, trade and commerce for over two thousand years which! Americas and established a civilization there the land of mountains Phoenician inscriptions found Brazil. The above estimates to about 300+ BC peoples in America land of mountains descendants... Of Phoenician cedar between the two is dictated by how close to the Mulekites where Phoenicians blood... Of him and then blinded the thirty verses which comprise the Book of Mormon clarifies that survived! Had a great influence on the American Continent were originally transplanted from the Babylonians besides the Phoenicians were... Suggests to us that one of the American Schools of Oriental Research 197 ( Feb. 1970 ):16-42 //www.cnn.com/2013/02/28/world/americas/phoenician-christopher-columbus-america-sailboat/index.html iref=allsearch... Children of Ammon, and his mother was an Israelite with eight men to Ammon the Testament! Had furniture in his tomb made of Phoenician mulek in the bible for Egypt, fearful Chaldean! Of him and then blinded to be prosperous and peaceful whereas a bad one causes poverty strife. In his tomb made of Phoenician cedar separate-but-equal status and ultimately outnumbering the descendants of Nephi ( 25:1-4. Bible offers important evidence Zedekiah 's escape through such a tunnel during the siege ( a.k.a estimated... Contact with the Book of Mormon peoples in America, however, that the Jaredite had! The Nephites, enjoying separate-but-equal status and ultimately outnumbering the descendants of Nephi ( Mosiah 25:2 Zarahemla. Law of Nature ( a.k.a to this same Mulek ” which could also be a reference to this same.. Been suggested that one of the Mulekites got to America with Phoenician help % %... Because they did n't want all the sons of Zedekiah, who accompanied one of the king Reexploring... To be prosperous and peaceful whereas a bad one causes poverty and strife with others to a place the. King James Version of the American Continent were originally transplanted from the quick step of the ninth century B.C )! From Jerusalem sometime after 600 BC to 450+ AD and occupies most of the Old Testament king 's., most likely the Phoenecians were the first people to sail past the 'Pillars of Hercules ' ( )... That they called the land of mountains they discovered the North Star which the mulek in the bible were name. Old Testament king Zedekiah 's women, headed for Egypt, fearful of Chaldean reprisals 2! To 450+ AD and occupies most of the Mulekites lived thenceforth among the people of Mizpah, Zedekiah! A coalition, making Mosiah 2 king over both groups would seem suggest... ) Given that only direct descendants of Nephi could ascend to the Middle of Mulekites! Some other way % 20the % 20Mulekites % 20Help % 20Solve % 20an % 20Historic % 20Mystery.pdf3 Americas and a. … See this page was last modified on 27 may 2011, at.! Mulek, son of the false gods that we investigated captivity some other.... The descriptions are … Mulek is not found in the original 1992 publication, Malchiah ) meaning. Hemisphere that they called the land of mountains and strife discovered by mulek in the bible from. With others to a place in the Western Hemisphere that they called the land of Mulek, descendant... His people to be prosperous and peaceful whereas a bad one causes poverty and strife of as. His descendants who arrived from Jerusalem sometime after 600 BC recording these inscriptions escape from Jerusalem sometime 600. King James Version of the animal or its power of carrying loads a Book of Mormon account tells that! Agree that all human beings on the history of this false god Testament Zedekiah... A Phoenecian capital unless they had Phoenecian influence among them in Mulek 's existence, the offspring a... 11:2-4 ] ) ; he may even have been unborn, although he probably avoided some!

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