on the nature of things book 2

I fear perhaps thou deemest that we fare An impious road to realms of thought profane; But 'tis that same religion oftener far Hath bred the foul impieties of men: As once at Aulis, the elected chiefs, Foremost of heroes, Danaan counsellors, Defiled Diana's altar, virgin queen, With Agamemnon's daughter, foully slain. Whence take the proof that things enlarge and feed From out their proper matter. Thus naught of what so seems Perishes utterly, since Nature ever Upbuilds one thing from other, suffering naught To come to birth but through some other's death. Properties of the atoms: atoms are constantly in motion, and tend to move downwards. Interested in On the Nature of Things by Lucretius? There’s a smorgasbord of matter in any grass, stream, etc. With a dumb terror and a sinking knee She dropped; nor might avail her now that first 'Twas she who gave the king a father's name. Sense requires muscles, flesh, veins, etc. "Nothing ever springs miraculously from nothing... all are formed fr… The more you learn, the more you realize how little you know. Thus on they rave With uproar shrill and ominous moan. . R. E. Aiken. FreeBookSummary.com . And out of what does Ether feed the stars? Some will say that they need the gods to turn atoms into the things we need like fruit, grain, etc. Figure, flavor, surface of atoms. Lull to a timely rest O'er sea and land the savage works of war, For thou alone hast power with public peace To aid mortality; since he who rules The savage works of battle, puissant Mars, How often to thy bosom flings his strength O'ermastered by the eternal wound of love— And there, with eyes and full throat backward thrown, Gazing, my Goddess, open-mouthed at thee, Pastures on love his greedy sight, his breath Hanging upon thy lips. And for the rest, summon to judgments true, Unbusied ears and singleness of mind Withdrawn from cares; lest these my gifts, arranged For thee with eager service, thou disdain Before thou comprehendest: since for thee I prove the súpreme law of Gods and sky, And the primordial germs of things unfold, Whence Nature all creates, and multiplies And fosters all, and whither she resolves Each in the end when each is overthrown. Nor on the mingling of the living seeds Would space be needed for the growth of things Were life an increment of nothing: then The tiny babe forthwith would walk a man, And from the turf would leap a branching tree— Wonders unheard of; for, by Nature, each Slowly increases from its lawful seed, And through that increase shall conserve its kind. However, his 1969 translation of De Rerum Natura--long out of print--is virtually unknown. . Of the nature of things, in six books 1714, Printed by J. Matthews for G. Sawbridge and sold by J. Churchill and W. Taylor, [etc.] Smith has incorporated the most recent research, including the new discoveries of Epicurean materials from Herculaneum. Readers will share our excitement in the discovery of this accurate and fluent prose rendering. On the Nature of Things/The Discourses/The Meditations book. Report abuse. But if from naught Were their becoming, they would spring abroad Suddenly, unforeseen, in alien months, With no primordial germs, to be preserved From procreant unions at an adverse hour. You can view Barnes & Noble’s Privacy Policy. In Book 2 he explains atomic movement, the variety of atomic shapes, and argues that the atoms lack colour, sensation, and other secondary qualities. Books I and II deal with the basic principles of atoms. E-Books; Title Support Pages; About & Contact; Home > On the Nature of Things (Smith Edition) On the Nature of Things (Smith Edition) Lucretius Translated, with Introduction and Notes, by Martin Ferguson Smith. Lucretius: On the Nature of Things A conversation with Margaret Graver, Professor of Classics, Dartmouth College Whence may the water-springs, beneath the sea, Or inland rivers, far and wide away, Keep the unfathomable ocean full? On the Nature of Things (De rerum natura) is a first century BC epic poem by the Roman poet and philosopher Lucretius with the goal of explaining Epicurean philosophy to a Roman audience. We should expect from the beginning then that we are in the hands of a wise and learned guide as soon as we open his Lucretius, and this expectation is certainly borne out by the quality of this sensitive and thoughtful edition. Lucretius begins his poem with a prayer to Venus, the Roman goddess of love, whose reproductive powers allow everything in nature to flourish. Epicurus was the first to raise men above the curse of superstition and the wicked deeds it leads to, such as the sacrifice of Iphianassa (Iphigenia) at Aulis by Agammenon, and the fear that people have from priests that they will be endlessly tormented after death. We see how wearing-down hath minished these, But just what motes depart at any time, The envious nature of vision bars our sight. . . The introduction is excellent. I know how hard it is in Latian verse To tell the dark discoveries of the Greeks, Chiefly because our pauper-speech must find Strange terms to fit the strangeness of the thing; Yet worth of thine and the expected joy Of thy sweet friendship do persuade me on To bear all toil and wake the clear nights through, Seeking with what of words and what of song I may at last most gloriously uncloud For thee the light beyond, wherewith to view The core of being at the centre hid. Transcription of Book 1 of the Daniel Browne edition is now complete, and we are in the process of adding the remaining five books, with cross-references of each book against the Latin text. . Wherefore Religion now is under foot, And us his victory now exalts to heaven. Indeed, and were there not For each its procreant atoms, could things have Each its unalterable mother old? We view The rock-paved highways worn by many feet; And at the gates the brazen statues show Their right hands leaner from the frequent touch Of wayfarers innumerable who greet. Lastly we see How far the tilled surpass the fields untilled And to the labour of our hands return Their more abounding crops; there are indeed Within the earth primordial germs of things, Which, as the ploughshare turns the fruitful clods And kneads the mould, we quicken into birth. Lucretius divided his argument into six Whence he to us, a conqueror, reports What things can rise to being, what cannot, And by what law to each its scope prescribed, Its boundary stone that clings so deep in Time. Download: A text-only version is available for download. Hardcover. This ultimate stock we have devised to name Procreant atoms, matter, seeds of things, Or primal bodies, as primal to the world. When they feign That gods have stablished all things but for man, Thus we know, That moisture is dispersed about in bits Too small for eyes to see. Public Domain (P)2007 Audio Connoisseur. Thus nature ever by unseen bodies works. The winds, 'Tis clear, are sightless bodies sweeping through The sea, the lands, the clouds along the sky, Vexing and whirling and seizing all amain; And forth they flow and pile destruction round, Even as the water's soft and supple bulk Becoming a river of abounding floods, Which a wide downpour from the lofty hills Swells with big showers, dashes headlong down Fragments of woodland and whole branching trees; Nor can the solid bridges bide the shock As on the waters whelm: the turbulent stream, Strong with a hundred rains, beats round the piers, Crashes with havoc, and rolls beneath its waves Down-toppled masonry and ponderous stone, Hurling away whatever would oppose. 1-62. The different kinds of atoms are many, but not infinite. In Book 2 he explains atomic movement, the variety of atomic shapes, and argues that the atoms lack colour, sensation, and other secondary qualities. 30 The six books fall naturally into three pairs. Men from the sea Might rise, and from the land the scaly breed, And, fowl full fledged come bursting from the sky; The hornèd cattle, the herds and all the wild Would haunt with varying offspring tilth and waste; Nor would the same fruits keep their olden trees, But each might grow from any stock or limb By chance and change. On the Nature of Things: Book 1 (57 BC) by Lucretius - Duration: 1:15:35. . I can recommend this book unreservedly. Discover similar books recommended by the world's most successful people in 2021. . For the slightest force Would loose the weft of things wherein no part Were of imperishable stock. view Kindle eBook | view Audible audiobook. It’s comforting to watch another ship fight the sea & wind while yours is calm, not because you rejoice in others’ struggles but because it reminds you of how nice it is to be free from struggle yourself The body has seeds of many things hidden in it of various shapes, smells, tastes & colors all lumped together in one mass, Like the letters of the alphabet – a letter can be used in many different words to give different sounds & meanings, You don’t see things like a half-man, half-animal because things have their own seeds & they don’t fuse together to make a mixture very often, Nature usually doesn’t all such things – if they do happen, nature finds a way to get rid of it quickly, Atoms don’t have color – it all depends on how they’re combined for color to appear, Taking away or adding atoms can change the color, No colors can exist without light & therefore atoms can’t have color without it, Atomic shapes aren’t assigned a certain color because each shape can occur in any color, Not all things have a smell or sound, so not everything has a color, Just like atoms have no color, they don’t have any perishable qualities like smell, heat or cold because objects can be smelly or not smelly, hot or cold & still be the same thing, Atoms don’t have any sensation but they do form to make things that do: animals grow from insensate matter, Worms grow in manure, cattle turn into our flesh by our eating them, If you blend matter willy-nilly, you probably won’t get anything living or sensing, It all depends on how the atoms collect – it has to be in a special way to produce life. In Book 3 he expounds the nature and composition of mind and spirit, proves their mortality, and argues that there is nothing to fear in death. Fear holds dominion over mortality Only because, seeing in land and sky So much the cause whereof no wise they know, Men think Divinities are working there. . Martin Ferguson Smith is Prof. of Classics Emeritus, Univ. 99-ca. --Charles Segal, Harvard University, For anyone concerned to understand the Epicurean philosophical tradition from the inside, the republication, in an updated version, of Martin Ferguson Smith's little-known translation of Lucretius is welcome news. I own with reason: for, if men but knew Some fixèd end to ills, they would be strong By some device unconquered to withstand Religions and the menacings of seers. Author. The title of Lucretius’s work translates that of the chief work of Epicurus, Peri physeōs (On Nature). . 55 B.C.E.) Among his scholarly achievements are his revisions of the Rouse translation of De Rerum Natura for the Loeb Classical Library. And all from all cannot become, because In each resides a secret power its own. Whereas, of truth, because all things exist, With seed imperishable, Nature allows Destruction nor collapse of aught, until Some outward force may shatter by a blow, Or inward craft, entering its hollow cells, Dissolve it down. Meticulous, judicious and reader-friendly in equal measure, it embodies the fruits of a lifetime's study of Lucretius' poetic masterpiece. Book I defines atoms and lays out the fundamental laws that govern them. For we know that material things exist by the general acknowledgement of mankind. On The Nature of Things (Illustrated) and millions of other books are available for instant access. Even so must move the blasts of all the winds, Which, when they spread, like to a mighty flood, Hither or thither, drive things on before And hurl to ground with still renewed assault, Or sometimes in their circling vortex seize And bear in cones of whirlwind down the world: The winds are sightless bodies and naught else— Since both in works and ways they rival well The mighty rivers, the visible in form. For lapsèd years and infinite age must else Have eat all shapes of mortal stock away: But be it the Long Ago contained those germs, By which this sum of things recruited lives, Those same infallibly can never die, Nor nothing to nothing evermore return. Meantime, when once we know from nothing still Nothing can be create, we shall divine More clearly what we seek: those elements From which alone all things created are, And how accomplished by no tool of Gods. Smith outlines in a highly accessible manner what little is known of Lucretius' life and times, the poem's position and status in the Epic and Didactic tradition, and the philosophy of Epicurus that Lucretius puts forward, but also manages to include some of the most up to date research, including recent scholarship on the Herculaneum papyri. In Book 3 he expounds the nature and composition of mind and spirit, proves their mortality, and argues that there is nothing to fear in death. And there shall come the time when even thou, Forced by the soothsayer's terror-tales, shalt seek To break from us. But, since produced from fixèd seeds are all, Each birth goes forth upon the shores of light From its own stuff, from its own primal bodies. For this edition, Professor Smith provides a revised translation, new Introduction, headnotes and bibliography. Book I Summary . Reviewed in the United States on August 24, 2015. And thus his will and hardy wisdom won; And forward thus he fared afar, beyond The flaming ramparts of the world, until He wandered the unmeasurable All. Books 1 and 2 deal with atoms and void, Book 1 establishing the basic principles of atomism and Book 2 describing the movements, properties, and combinations of the atoms. Thus easier 'tis to hold that many things Have primal bodies in common (as we see The single letters common to many words) Than aught exists without its origins. . – Francis Bacon, Copyright © 2021 Know-It-All to Know-Nothing, on Lucretius – On the Nature of Things, Book 2, 10 Years of Reading in Great Books of the Western World, Lucretius – On the Nature of Things, Book 2, Thomas Paine – The American Crisis, 1 (December 1776) →, ← Thomas Paine – The American Crisis, 13 (April 1783), It’s comforting to watch another ship fight the sea & wind while yours is calm, not because you rejoice in others’ struggles but because it reminds you of how nice it is to be free from struggle yourself, It reminds you that you don’t actually need very much at all – just calm & ease, & to have your body refreshed from time to time, Luxury & worship of the gods are useless to our bodies & souls, & will only cause you pain if you feel that you need them, Atomic Motion – engendering bodies move & give things life through their motion, Everything grows but everything also decays, As atoms leave something, the thing diminishes & eventually dies, just as when atoms form, they build up & the thing blooms, Things whither & are later renewed through the movement of atoms, Atoms will continue to move, bouncing off one another, Remember, there’s no bottom of the universe where the atoms can collect, so they crash around & collect together to form shapes & things we know in the world, You can understand how they work by watching dust in the sunlight, moving around, never ceasing to be there, Atoms move quickly but once they bounce into one another, they slow down but still move with great force – sometimes even faster than the speed of light. BOOK I PROEM—1–145 MOTHER of Rome, delight of Gods and men, Dear Venus that beneath the gliding stars Makest to teem the many-voyagèd main And fruitful lands—for all of living things Through thee alone are evermore conceived, Through thee are risen to visit the great sun— Before thee, Goddess, and thy coming on, Verified Purchase. Javascript is not enabled in your browser. Yet these must be corporeal at the base, Since thus they smite the senses: naught there is Save body, having property of touch. Lucretius also tells us in this prayer that he is writing this work for his friend, Memmius. Mendelssohn - Songs Without Words (complete set) - Rena Kyriakou - Duration: 2… On the Nature of Things is carefully structured. These standards follow straightforwardly from the fundamental precepts spread out in Book I, which express that nothing originates from nothing, nothing can be totally decimated, and the universe is unending. . . For, were aught mortal in its every part, Before our eyes it might be snatched away Unto destruction; since no force were needed To sunder its members and undo its bands. On the Nature of Things … 1:15:35. Opens with an prayer to Venus, lamenting the barbarous business of warfare [e.g., civil war, butchery of the Sammites, Spartacus' revolt, Catiline's conspiracy], and an appeal to Memmius. This book spreads out inside and out the standards of nuclear movement, shape, and properties. Again, why see we lavished o'er the lands At spring the rose, at summer heat the corn, The vines that mellow when the autumn lures, If not because the fixèd seeds of things At their own season must together stream, And new creations only be revealed When the due times arrive and pregnant earth Safely may give unto the shores of light Her tender progenies? And, too, the selfsame power might end alike All things, were they not still together held By matter eternal, shackled through its parts, Now more, now less. Written in the first century b.C., On the Nature of Things (in Latin, De Rerum Natura) is a poem in six books that aims at explaining the Epicurean philosophy to the Roman audience.Among digressions about the importance of philosophy in men's life and praises of Epicurus, Lucretius created a solid treatise on the atomic theory, the falseness of religion and many kinds of natural phenomena. With the passion of a true poet, Titus Lucretius Carus (ca. For what the soul may be they do not know, Whether 'tis born, or enter in at birth, And whether, snatched by death, it die with us, Or visit the shadows and the vasty caves Of Orcus, or by some divine decree Enter the brute herds, as our Ennius sang, Who first from lovely Helicon brought down A laurel wreath of bright perennial leaves, Renowned forever among the Italian clans. Or how, when thus restored, may daedal Earth Foster and plenish with her ancient food, Which, kind by kind, she offers unto each? in English Jade Vine 680 views. of Durham, United Kingdom. Thus it comes That earth, without her seasons of fixed rains, Could bear no produce such as makes us glad, And whatsoever lives, if shut from food, Prolongs its kind and guards its life no more. Some books are to be tasted, others to be swallowed, and some few to be chewed and digested; that is, some books are to be read only in parts; others to be read, but not curiously; and some few to be read wholly, and with diligence and attention. Victory now exalts to heaven gods to turn atoms into the things we like... Physeōs ( on Nature ) book spreads out inside and out the standards of nuclear movement, shape, properties. For many years been one of the competition nuclear movement, shape, and Perishes. Fixèd seed required it looks like your Internet Explorer is out of 5 stars need! 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